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Improvement of phytoplankton culture isolation using single cell sorting by flow cytometry

Dominique Marie 1 Florence Le Gall 2 Roseline Edern 2 Priscillia Gourvil 3 Daniel Vaulot 2, * 
* Corresponding author
1 MAPP - MArine Phototrophic Prokaryotes
AD2M - Adaptation et diversité en milieu marin
2 DIPO - Diversité et Interactions au sein du Plancton Océanique
AD2M - Adaptation et diversité en milieu marin
Abstract : Flow cytometry provides a tool to physically sort single algal cells in order to obtain clonal cultures. During sorting, cells are submitted to physical stress factors such as high fluidic pressure, exposure to the laser beam, electrostatic charges, deflection through high voltage fields and collisions with container surfaces. All of these can damage the cells of interest and success rates for initiation of cultures from flow-sorted cells are generally very low. We found that the addition of Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) in the culture medium into which cells are sorted drastically improved the success of initiation of pico- and nano-eukaryotic phytoplankton strains. Adding a mixture of antibiotics (PNS: Penicillin, Neomycin, Streptomycin) to the medium in order to slow down bacterial growth further improved culture development. This approach was successfully used to isolate taxonomically diverse strains, including novel taxa, from a fresh sample obtained in the English Channel and from enrichment cultures established during an Atlantic Meridional Transect (AMT) cruise. We anticipate that these improvements will be useful to clone or purify existing cultures and to isolate novel cultures from oceanic samples.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 5, 2016 - 2:31:28 PM
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Dominique Marie, Florence Le Gall, Roseline Edern, Priscillia Gourvil, Daniel Vaulot. Improvement of phytoplankton culture isolation using single cell sorting by flow cytometry. Journal of Phycology, Wiley, 2017, 53 (2 ), pp.271-282 ⟨10.1111/jpy.12495⟩. ⟨hal-01408856⟩



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