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Simple and accurate quantitative analysis of cefiderocol and ceftobiprole in human plasma using liquid chromatography-isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry: interest for their therapeutic drug monitoring and pharmacokinetic studies

Abstract : Objectives Cefiderocol and ceftobiprole are new generation cephalosporin antibiotics that exhibit high inter-individual plasma concentration variability that potentially impact their efficacy or toxicity. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a selective, simple, and fast UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantification of cefiderocol and ceftobiprole in human plasma to enable their therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) and support PK and PK/PD studies, in particular in critically ill patients. Methods After a simple and fast single-step protein precipitation, cefiderocol and ceftobiprole were separated on a Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18 column by linear gradient elution; with subsequent detection by Shimadzu MS 8060 triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer in a positive ionization mode. Results Analysis time was 5 min per run. The analytical performance of the method in terms of specificity, sensitivity, linearity, precision, accuracy, matrix effect (ME), extraction recovery (ER), limit of quantification, dilution integrity, and stability of analytes under different conditions met all criteria for a bioanalytical method for the quantification of drugs. The calibration curves were linear over the range of 1–200 mg/L for cefiderocol and 0.5–100 mg/L for ceftobiprole with a linear regression coefficient above 0.995 for both. Conclusions A simple, fast, and selective liquid chroma-tography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous quantification of cefiderocol and ceftobiprole. This new method was successfully applied to the measurement of plasma concentration of cefiderocol and ceftobiprole in critically ill patients and showed good performance for their therapeutic monitoring and optimizing antibiotic therapy.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03283960
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Submitted on : Monday, July 12, 2021 - 11:58:08 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 23, 2021 - 3:41:44 AM

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Benoit Llopis, Alexandre Bleibtreu, Dimitri Schlemmer, Pascal Robidou, Olivier Paccoud, et al.. Simple and accurate quantitative analysis of cefiderocol and ceftobiprole in human plasma using liquid chromatography-isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry: interest for their therapeutic drug monitoring and pharmacokinetic studies. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, De Gruyter, 2021, ⟨10.1515/cclm-2021-0423⟩. ⟨hal-03283960⟩

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