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L’art rupestre à gravures naturalistes de l’Adrar des Iforas (Mali)

Abstract : Contextual study of approximately 40 naturalist rock engravings in the North West of the Adrar des Iforas region. These, together with a few other stylised engravings associated with them, are shown to be the oldest artistic manifestations in the region. Rock engravings similar in style and themes are present in a geographic region extending over the larger part of the Central and Southern Sahara. If we keep in mind the themes depicted on the rocks, the data from the archæological digs and those recorded in Holocene palæo-environments, indicate that this Saharan rock art with naturalist engravings can be situated between the VIth millennium and the end of the IVth millennium B.C. During this period, the Sahara was exposed to different rainfalls, depending on the latitude. The predominantly animal nature of this rock art, together with its density varying with the latitude, leads to the conclusion that this art was the product of a Neolithic pastoral society composed of mobile shepherd groups. Some of these people reached the North West of the Adrar des Iforas, where they produced around 40 rock engravings similar to those found on the rocks of more northerly regions.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 26, 2021 - 9:49:00 AM
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Dupuy Sahara11 (1999).pdf
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Christian Dupuy. L’art rupestre à gravures naturalistes de l’Adrar des Iforas (Mali). Sahara : preistoria e storia del Sahara prehistory and history of the Sahara préhistoire et histoire du Sahara, Segrate : Pyramids, 1999, 11, pp.69-86. ⟨halshs-03299094⟩



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