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Nanoencapsulation d’un agent synergisant chimique, la deltaméthrine pour potentialiser l’effet d’un insecticide, l’indoxacarbe contre les insectes nuisibles

Abstract : The over-use of pesticides has represented a concern not only for its consequences against the environment but also for the increase in resistance mechanisms in pest insects. In this context, our research project is focused on the development of a nanoencapsulation technique of a deltamethrin (pyrethroid), used as synergistic agent, combined with a pro-insecticide indoxacarb (oxadiazine). Based on in vitro studies performed on cockroach (Periplaneta americana) neurosecretory cells, synergistic effect between deltamethrin and DCJW (active metabolite of indoxacarb) has been characterized, occurring through an original calcium-dependent intracellular mechanism. In vivo toxicological studies on adult cockroaches have confirmed these previous results. To optimize the formulation including the synergistic agent and indoxacarb, lipid nanocapsules (LNCs) containing deltamethrin have been developed. It has been possible to determine the lower effective doses of LNC-deltamethrin/indoxacarb mixture producing the synergistic effect in whole insects. The synergism obtained is more important than that of obtained with piperonil butoxide (PBO), the well-known synergist used in classical insecticide formulations. The results also indicate that LNC-deltamethrin, protected from esterase-induced detoxification enhances the toxicity of indoxacarb while reducing doses. This novel strategy is a first step for the development of a novel formulation more efficient against pest insects.
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Javier Ernesto Pitti Caballero. Nanoencapsulation d’un agent synergisant chimique, la deltaméthrine pour potentialiser l’effet d’un insecticide, l’indoxacarbe contre les insectes nuisibles. Sciences agricoles. Université d'Angers, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019ANGE0005⟩. ⟨tel-02448787⟩

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