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Procalcitonin and C-Reactive Protein for Bacterial Infection Diagnosis in Elderly Patients After Traumatic Orthopedic Surgery

Abstract : Background: Biomarkers prove valuable for diagnosing post-operative bacterial infection, but data in elderly patients is scarce. Here we analyze how procalcitonin and C-reactive protein (CRP) perform for bacterial infection diagnosis after traumatic orthopedic surgery in elderly patients. Methods: We included all patients admitted to our perioperative geriatrics unit after traumatic orthopedic surgery. Patients on antibiotics, presenting preoperative bacterial infection, or without procalcitonin measurement were excluded. Clinical and biological data were collected prospectively. Medical charts were reviewed by 3 experts blinded to biomarker results to assess bacterial infection diagnosis. Areas under the curve (AUC) and 90%-specificity thresholds were analyzed for baseline procalcitonin and CRP levels and relative variations. Results: Analysis included 229 patients (median age 86 years, hip fracture 83%), of which 40 had bacterial infection (pneumonia [n=23], urinary tract infection [n=8]; median delay to onset: two days post-admission). For bacterial infection diagnosis, the computed AUCs were not significantly different (procalcitonin-baseline 0.64 [95%CI 0.57-0.70]; procalcitonin-relative variation 0.65 [0.59-0.71]; CRP-baseline 0.68 [0.61-0.74]; CRP-relative variation 0.70 [0.64-0.76]). The 90%-specificity thresholds were 0.75 µg/L for procalcitonin-baseline, +62% for procalcitonin-variation, 222 mg/L for CRP-baseline, +111% for CRP-variation. Conclusions: Diagnostic performances of procalcitonin and CRP were not significantly different. Baseline levels and relative variations of these biomarkers showed little diagnostic value after traumatic orthopedic surgery in elderly patients.
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https://hal.univ-guyane.fr/hal-02862884
Contributor : Mirlène Matillon <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 9, 2020 - 5:42:33 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 11, 2020 - 3:24:47 AM

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Cédric Villain, Camille Chenevier-Gobeaux, Judith Cohen-Bittan, Patrick Ray, Loïc Epelboin, et al.. Procalcitonin and C-Reactive Protein for Bacterial Infection Diagnosis in Elderly Patients After Traumatic Orthopedic Surgery. Journals of Gerontology, Series A, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option D, 2019, ⟨10.1093/gerona/glz210⟩. ⟨hal-02862884⟩

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